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Cell Division Vocabulary C71-92
1. DNA- The genetic material found in all living cells that contains the information needed for an organism to grow, maintain itself, and reproduce.

2. RNA- A molecule that carries genetic information from DNA to ribosomes, where the genetic information is used to bring together amino acids to form a protein.

3. Mitosis- The phase in the cell cycle during which the nucleus divides.

4. Meiosis- A part of the sexual reproduction in which cells divide to form sperm cells in a male and egg cells in a female. Meiosis occurs only in reproductive cells.

5. Cell Cycle- The normal sequence of growth, maintenance, and division in a cell.

6. Interphase-is the part of the cell cycle during which a cell is not divided.

7. Prophase- The nuclear membrane disappears, Long strands of DNA condense to distinct chromosomes, each with two chromatids that are exact copies of each other.

8. Metaphase- Chromosomes line up in the middle of the Cell.

9. anaphase- Chromatids of each chromosome split into two separate chromosomes. Separated chromosomes pull to the opposite ends of the cell.

10. Telophase- New nuclear membrane forms and cell pinches and divides.

11. Cytokinesis- is the division of the parent's cell cytoplasm.

12. Budding- is a form of asexual reproduction in which a new organism develops from an outgrowth or bud due to cell division at one particular site. The new organism remains attached as it grows, separating from the parent organism only when it is mature, leaving behind scar tissue.

13. Binary Fission- is a form of asexual reproduction occurring in prokaryotes. Binary fission occurs when the parent organism splits in two, producing two completely independent daughter cells.

14. Regeneration- In some organisms, the process by which certain cells produce new tissue growth at the site of a wound or lost limb; also a form of asexual reproduction.

15. Asexual reproduction- The process by which a single organism produces offspring that have the same genetic material.

16. Sexual reproduction- A type of reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells combine to form offspring with genetic material from both cells.

17. Haploid cells-A cell that has half the the number of chromosomes. (23)
18. Diploid cells- Cells containing the full number of chromosomes. A cell or an organism consisting of two sets of chromosomes: usually, one set from the mother and another set from the father. In a diploid state the haploid number is doubled, thus, this condition is also known as 2n.

19. Somatic cells- any cell of a living organism other than the reproductive cells and also known as body cells.

20. Cellular Respiration- A process when cells use oxygen to release energy stored in sugars.

21. Chromosomes- The physical structure of a cell that contains the cells genetic material.
22. Chromatin-One half of the chromosome containing the identical copy of the DNA.
23. Centromere- Area where the two chromatids are joined together.

DNA and Chromosomes Video


I can statements

Steps for mitosis

Cell Cycle textbook

Quiz Day 1

Mitosis Webquest

What do Chromosomes look like? For Webquest

Quiz day 2

Article on Cancer Cells

Amoeba Sisters: The Cell Cycle and Cancer cells

Amoeba Sisters- The Cell Cycle and Cancer Cells
1. What is cancer caused by?
2. What are the contributing factors of cancer?
3. What phase do most cells spend their lives in?
4. In what phase does cell division occur in?
5. What are cancer cells?
6. What are contributing factors that that can influence cancer cells?
7. How does growth hormone influence cancer cells?
8. What cells don’t replicate?
9. What is Apostils?

Cancer and lifestyle

Day 3 Quiz

4.3 Meiosis is a special form of cell division

Meiosis Webquest

For Site 1 use this link

For Site 3


Amoeba Sisters Chromosomes for Mitosis and Meiosis


Link for Chromosomes in Mitosis and Meiosis

Final Quiz: Ticket out the door